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7 Most Common Medical Emergencies

Here are some of the most common medical emergencies that people experience:
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1. Bleeding
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Someone has injured themselves and the bleeding will not stop.

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2. Breathing difficulties
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Someone is having problems breathing – for example, having an asthma attack or an allergic reaction to something, this is known as anaphylaxis.

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3. Someone collapses
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Someone collapsed and no-one knows why they have collapsed.

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4. Fit and/or epileptic seizure
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Someone’s whole body or parts of their body may be shaking uncontrollably and the person can’t stop. This is often caused by a condition called epilepsy (check out the Facts About Epilepsy).

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5. Severe pain
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Someone has been badly injured and in a lot of pain.

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6. Heart attack
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This is where a person, usually an adult has a blood clot causing a blockage in the artery in the heart; if this is not treated the heart could stop working.

Signs to look out for are:

  • Chest pain
  • Pains in the other parts of the body –it can feel as if the pain is travelling from your chest to your arms (usually the left arm is affected, but it can affect both arms), jaw, neck, back and abdomen
  • feeling lightheaded or dizzy
  • sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting)
  • an overwhelming sense of anxiety (similar to having a panic attack)
  • coughing or wheezing

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7. A stroke
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Where the brain has had a blood clot or a bleed, this will affect how the person can talk and move. This person needs to get immediate help to prevent brain damage.

Signs to look out for are:

FACE – Has the face fallen to one side? Can they smile?

ARMS – Can they move there arms up and keeps them there.

SPEECH – Is there speech slurred

TIME to act.

 

how to get help

If you have any more questions on this area or would like to speak to somebody about this topic, have a look at the links or search for your local services in the blue box below. Alternatively you can always contact your public health nurse.

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Find help in your local area

Find out what services are available to you in your area. Remember your school nurse is always there to give you confidential help and support.