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Spots: Just The Facts

Everyone gets them. Here's why.

The skin contains sebaceous glands that naturally release sebum. This is an oily substance that helps protect it. During puberty, raised levels of the hormone testosterone can cause too much sebum to be produced. The sebum can block hair follicles. When dead skin cells mix with the blockage, it can lead to the formation of spots. Bacteria in the skin multiply, which can cause pain and  swelling (inflammation) beneath the blockages.

4 types of spots

  1. Blackheads
    Small, blocked pores
  2. Whiteheads
    Small, hard bumps with a white centre
  3. Pustules
    Spots with a lot of pus visible
  4. Nodules
    Hard, painful lumps under the skin

Check out the 3 Things That Don’t Give You Spots!

How to get help

If you have any more questions on this area or would like to speak to somebody about this topic, have a look at the links or search for your local services in the blue box below. Alternatively you can always contact your public health nurse.

Cross Hatch

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Find out what services are available to you in your area. Remember your school nurse is always there to give you confidential help and support.